(1) prefer to do sth
例：I prefer to stay at home. 我宁愿呆在家里。
(2) prefer doing sth
例：I prefer playing in defence. 我喜欢打防守。
(3) prefer sb to do sth
例：Would you prefer me to stay? 你愿意我留下来吗?
(4) prefer to do sth rather than do sth ……宁愿…...而不愿.…".
例句：I prefer to stay at home rather than go out
(5) prefer doing sth to doing sth
例：I prefer watching football to playing it.
(6) prefer sth to sth
例：I prefer tea to coffee. 我要茶不要咖啡。
(1) be doing sth ---- when ---
例：He was still smiling when the door opened and his wife came in.
(2) be about to do sth --- when ---
例：We were about to start when it began to rain.
(3) had not done sth --- when ---/ hardly --- when ---
例： He had not fallen asleep when the telephone rang.
(4) had just done ---- when ---
例：I had just gone to bed after a very hard day when the phone rang.
(1) It +seems + that从句
例：It seemed that everyone was satisfied. 看来好像每个人都很满意。
(2) It seems to sb that ---
例：It seems to me that she is right. 我看她是对的，
(3) There seems to be ----
例：There seems to be a heavy rain. 看上去要有一场大雨。
(4) It seems as if ----
例：It seemed that she couldn"t come to class.看样子她不能来上课了。
(1) only 倒装句
例：Only with hard work can you expect to get a pay rise.
Only when he told me about the news did I know the truth.
(2) so 倒装句
例：So precious is time that we can’t afford to waste it.
(3) such 倒装句
例：Such was the story he told. 这就是他讲的故事。
Such a well-known man is he that everyone wants to take a photo with him.
例：On no account can we ignore the value of knowledge.
例：Outside the classroom stood an old man. 在教室的外面站着一位老人。
例：Seated on the ground are a group of young men playing cards.
Lying on the floor was a boy aged about seventeen.
(7) not only --- but also 倒装句
例：Not only was the city polluted but the streets were crowded.
(1) so that (引导结果状语从句)结果……
例：We were late so that the teacher was angry. 我们迟到，使得教师生气了。
(2) so that = in order that (目的状语从句)以便，为了
例：I hurried so that I wouldn"t be late for class. 为了上课不迟到，我匆忙起来。
In order that he should not be late, his mother woke him at 6.
(3) so +形容词+(或a/an+ 名词)+that 如此……以致于……
例：I"ve been working so hard recently that I haven"t had any time for collecting new stamps. 我近来一直很忙，没时间搜集新邮票。
(4) such +名词(或an/a+形容词 + 名词)+--- that
例：It is such an unusual work of art that everyone wants to have a look at it
(1) so 用于肯定的倒装句
例：You speak English well, so does he. 你的英语讲得很好，他讲得也不错。
(2) neither/nor 用于否定的倒装句
例：I have never heard of such a thing, Neither has she.
Tom didn’t finish his homework. Nor did Jane.
(3) as well 用于句末
例：He knows German as well. 他也懂德语。
(4) so it is/was with = so it is/was the same with 用于包含不同种类的动词
例：Jack is a student and studies in China. So it is with Green.
(5) The same is true of……，
例：The music is dull and uninspiring, and the same is true of the acting.
(6) The same can be said of…… (……也是如此).
例：The same can be said of our country, also a developing one.
(1) She is taller than I by three inches. 她比我高三英寸
(2) There is one year between us. 我们之间相差一岁。
(3) She is three years old than I 她比我大三岁。
(4) They have increased the price by 50%. 他们把价格上涨了50%
(1) what 引导主语从句
例：What surprised me is that everybody seemed to be very indifferent to her.
[ indifferent adj.不关心的;冷漠的]
(2) what 引导宾语从句
例：We can learn what we do not know. 我们能学会我们不懂的东西。
(3) what 引导表语从句
例：That is what I want. 那正是我所要的。
(4) what 引导同位语从句
例：I have no idea what they are talking about. 我不知道他们正在谈论什么.
(1) too...to do sth.
例：Politics is too important to be left to the politicians.
(=Politics is so important that it can"t be left to the politicians.)
(2) only too --- to do sth
例：I shall be only too pleased to get home. 我要回到家里就非常高兴。
(3) too + adj + for sth
例：These shoes are much too small for me. 我穿这双鞋太小了。
(4) too + adj + a + n.
例：This is too difficult a text for me. 这篇课文对我来说太难了。
(5) can"t … too +形容词 无论……也不为过
例：We cannot emphasize the importance of protecting our eyes too much.
(1) where 引导的定语从句
例：This is the house where he lived last year. 这就是他去年住过的房子。
(2) where 引导的状语从句
例：Where there is a will，there is a way.有志者事竟成。
He left his key where he could find.他将钥匙放在易找到的地方。
I will go where I want to go.我要去我想去的地方。
(3) where 引导的表语从句
例：This is where you are wrong. 这正是你错的地方。
注：引导状语从句的where= 介词+the place where (定语从句)
例：Go where(ver) you are most needed.到需要你的地方去。